Course details

Dynamic Languages

DJA Acad. year 2018/2019 Summer semester 5 credits

Current academic year

In order to implement dynamic, adaptive software systems, programming languages must support reasoning about their own structure, performance, and environment (often called "reflection"). Furthermore, there must be support for dynamic modification of structure and behavior. LISP and Smalltalk are typical examples of dynamic languages. The course deals with object orientation in programming languages, operating systems and database systems, Smalltalk influence upon object oriented technologies. It introduces to pure object oriented dynamic languages and systems Smalltalk and Self, architectures and principles of implementation of Smalltalk-like systems as well as their use in rapid prototyping.


Language of instruction



Examination (written+oral)

Time span

26 hrs lectures, 26 hrs projects

Assessment points

70 exam, 30 projects




Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

Ability to program in pure object oriented languages based on Smalltalk and use their dynamic features.

Generic learning outcomes and competences

Understanding general principles of pure object orientation and its applications.

Learning objectives

To introduce to the essence of dynamic languages and their features. To introduce to roots and essence of pure object orientation manifested by dynamic language and system Smalltalk. To introduce to dynamic object oriented systems, their architecture and applications.

Study literature

  • Janoušek, V.: Dynamické jazyky, WWW, 2006

Fundamental literature

  • Goldberg, A., Robson, D.: Smalltalk-80: The Language, Addison Wesley, 1989, ISBN 0-201-13688-0
  • LaLonde, W. Pugh, J.: Inside Smalltalk, Vol. 1, Prentice Hall, 1990, ISBN: 0134684141
  • Guzdial, M.: Squeak, Prentice Hall, 2001, ISBN 0-13-028028-3

Syllabus of lectures

  1. Object orientation in programming languages, operating systems and database systems. Smalltalk influence upon object oriented technologies.
  2. Roots of Smalltalk: LISP and Simula 67. Pure object orientation.
  3. Language and system Smalltalk - class-based object orientation.
  4. Language and system Self - classless object orientation.
  5. Persistence in Smalltalk-like systems.
  6. Programming techniques.
  7. Architecture of Smalltalk-like systems.
  8. Principles of implementation of Smalltalk-like systems.
  9. Reflectivity, principles of open implementations.
  10. Distributed programming in Smalltalk-like systems.
  11. Interoperability.
  12. Object-oriented modeling and prototyping, knowledge representation.
  13. Other dynamic languages.

Syllabus of computer exercises

  • Smalltalk and its interactive programming environment.
  • Self and its interactive programming environment.
  • Selected programming techniques.

Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students

  • Simple application implemented in dynamic language.

Progress assessment


Course inclusion in study plans

  • Programme IT-MSC-2, field MBI, MGM, MIN, MPV, MSK, any year of study, Elective
  • Programme IT-MSC-2, field MBS, MIS, any year of study, Compulsory-Elective group S
  • Programme IT-MSC-2, field MMM, any year of study, Compulsory-Elective group L
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