Faculty of Information Technology, BUT

Course details

Database Systems

IDS Acad. year 2018/2019 Summer semester 5 credits

Fundamentals of database systems (DBS). Conceptual modeling. The relational model. Relational database design from a conceptual model. Normalization-based design of a relational database. SQL language. Transaction processing. DBS architectures: client/server, multi-tier architectures, distributed DBS. Introduction to database administration: data security and integrity, introduction to physical database design, performance optimization, database recovery, concurrency control. Trends in database technology. The project consists in designing the structure of a relational database and programming SQL scripts to create the database, querying data in it, database triggers, and stored procedures.


Deputy Guarantor

Language of instruction



Credit+Examination (written)

Time span

39 hrs lectures, 13 hrs projects

Assessment points

51 exam, 15 half-term test, 34 projects




Course Web Pages

Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

  • Student is able to develop conceptual models of an application domain for database applications.
  • He/she can develop database applications for relational databases, knows the standard database language for relational databases SQL, and has experience with some integrated development environment for database applications.  and have knowledge of relational database management system fundamentals.
  • He/she receives basic competencies for database administrator's work like user account creation, access rights assignment and performance tuning.
  • Student acquaints with fundamentals of some important functions of advanced database system like transactional processing, concurrency and recovery.
  • Student acquaints with basic English terminology in the subject.

Generic learning outcomes and competences

Student will learn how to analyze a given problem in a small team and he/she will learn to design and implement solution of the problem individually. He/she learns to present and defend  both partial and final results of the project.

Learning objectives

Mastering fundamentals of relational database theory and skill in using database technology at a level required for database design, development of database applications and database administration.

Why is the course taught

Since the 1960s, when data intensive applications and systems have been developed and used, typically information systems and their parts, database systems have been used to store data. Database technologies have evolved rapidly and are widely used today. It is therefore necessary for students to acquire competences and skills in this field. This subject is focused on the basics of database technologies, namely relational databases that play a key role here.


Prerequisite kwnowledge and skills

The sets, relations and mappings. The elementary notions of the graph theory. Basics of hashing and tree-based search. Basic steps of software development. Rudiments of programming and data modeling.

Study literature

  • Lemahieu, W., Broucke, S., Baesens, B.: Principles of Database Management. Cambridge University Press. 2018, 780 p.

Fundamental literature

  • Silberschatz, A., Korth H.F, Sudarshan, S.: Database System Concepts. Sixth Edition. McGraw-Hill. 2010, 1320 p. 
  • On-line help of Oracle products, Oracle documentation available at http://www.oracle.com/pls/db112/homepage.

Syllabus of lectures

  1. Fundamental concepts of database systems.
  2. Conceptual modeling.
  3. Fundamentals of the relational model. Transformation of a conceptual model to a relational database schema.
    Introduction to database application development in Oracle products environment.
  4. The SQL - data definition.
  5. The SQL - SELECT statement (fundamentals).
  6. The SQL - SELECT statement (extension).
  7. The SQL - other statements for data manipulation. System catalogue.
    Introduction to PL/SQL.
  8. The SQL - views, missing information, embedded SQL, cursor, dynamic SQL. Query by example (QBE).
    Fundamentals of application development in Oracle Form Builder.
  9. The client/server architecture. Database triggers and stored procedures. Data integrity, data security.
  10. Data organization at the internal level - indexing and hashing. Query processing and optimization.
    Report development in Oracle Report Builder. 
  11. Introduction to normal forms, the use of normalization in database design.
  12. Transaction processing - properties and states of  a database transaction. Introduction to failure recovery and concurrency control.
  13. Current trends in database technology.

Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students

  1. Presentation of a conceptual model (ERD or a class diagram) and a use case model for a given problem (continuation of the project started in the subject Introduction to software engineering).
  2. An SQL script that creates and populates database tables.
  3. An SQL script with queries over the database tables.
  4. An SQL script with statements for advanced database objects and project documentation.

Progress assessment

  • Data and use case models - 5 points
  • Building of the database in SQL - 5 points 
  • Querying in SQL - 5 points
  • Advanced database objects and documentation - 19 points
  • Midterm written exam - 15 points
  • Final written examination - 51 points
  • To be allowed to sit for written examination student is  to present and defend project oucomes in due dates, and to earn at least 24 points during semester.
  • The minimum number of points for the final examination is 20.

Controlled instruction

Mid-term exam passing, realization and presentation/defence of projects in due dates. In the case of a reported barrier of mid-term exam and to present/defend a project, a student will be offered a substitute date of the exam or an oral exam, and she/he will be allowed to present/defend the project in a substitute date, respectively.

Exam prerequisites

To be allowed to sit for written examination student is present and defend project outcomes, and to earn at least 24 points during semester.


Monother2019-03-04 C228 08:0010:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Monother2019-05-06 N203 08:0009:50obhajoby projektů
Monexam2019-05-27 D0206 D0207 D105 09:0011:50 2BIA 2BIB 3BIT 1. oprava
Monexam2019-05-27 E112 09:0011:50 2BIA 2BIB IDS - zkouška
Monexam2019-05-27 D0206 09:0011:50 2BIB 1. oprava
Monother2019-03-11 C228 09:0015:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Monother2019-05-06 N203 10:0015:50obhajoby projektů
Monother2019-03-04 C228 13:0014:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Monother2019-04-29 N103 13:0014:50obhajoby projektů
Tuelecturelectures E104 E105 E112 10:0012:50 2BIB 3BIT xx
Tueother2019-05-07 N203 10:0015:50obhajoby projektů
Tueother2019-04-30 N204 13:0013:50obhajoby projektů
Tueother2019-06-04 C228 13:0014:50 2BIA 2BIB Prohlídka opravených písemek
Tueother2019-04-16 C228 14:0014:50 2BIA 2BIB Prohlídka opravených písemek
Wedother2019-05-22 C228 13:0014:50 2BIA Prohlídka opravených písemek
Wedlecturelectures E104 E105 E112 14:0016:50 2BIA 3BIT xx
Thuexam2019-04-04 D105 E112 07:0007:50 2BIA 2BIB 3BIT půlsemestrální zkouška
Thuexam2019-06-06 D105 09:0011:50 2BIA 2BIB 3BIT 2. oprava
Thuexam2019-06-06 E112 09:0011:50 2BIA 2BIB IDS - zkouška
Thuother2019-05-02 N204 12:0013:50obhajoby projektů
Thuexercise6., 10., 12. of lectures E112 13:0014:50democvičení
Thuother2019-03-07 C228 13:0014:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Friexam2019-05-10 A112 D0206 D0207 D105 E104 E105 E112 08:0010:50 2BIA 2BIB 3BIT řádná
Friother2019-03-08 C228 09:0010:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Friother2019-03-15 C228 09:0014:50obhajoby konceptuálních modelů
Friother2019-05-03 N203 12:0015:50Obhajoby projektů

Course inclusion in study plans

  • Programme BIT, 2nd year of study, Compulsory
  • Programme IT-BC-3, field BIT, 2nd year of study, Compulsory
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