Faculty of Information Technology, BUT

Course details

Design of External Adapters and Embedded Systems

NAV Acad. year 2006/2007 Summer semester 5 credits

The themes of lectures deal with problems that must be solved by a designer during the design of components of a peripheral device adapter and embedded system. Students will become acquainted with the principles of I/O bus system operation and the communication with adapters (communication with memory components, registers, interrupt request generation and its service, DMA request generation and its service). They will get acquainted with typical applications of embedded systems and principles of their design, the types of inputs/outputs. The attention will be paid also to the structure of operating systems for embedded systems. The laboratory tutorials will be directed towards the presentation of these principles on the design of external adapter components and embedded system in a design system environment.


Language of instruction



Examination (written)

Time span

26 hrs lectures, 16 hrs laboratories, 10 hrs projects

Assessment points

60 exam, 15 half-term test, 8 labs, 17 projects




Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

Students will become acquainted with the principles of digital systems design with complex sequential behaviour reflecting the conditions in which the application will operate. They will learn how an implementation will be subdivided between software and hardware components. They will become acquainted with tools to support designer. They will learn how to design controllers of external adapters of basic peripheral devices and independently operating computer systems operating in real environment and communicating with a user or systems on higher level.

Learning objectives

To develop knowledge gained in courses from the area of computer systems construction and demonstrate these principles in the field of external adapters design and embedded systems design. To utilise this knowledge in the design and implementation of complex digital systems with comprehensive sequential behaviour. Students will be taught how to analyse the conditions in which the equipment under design will operate and on the basis of the analysis how to identify the trade-offs between price, reliability and dynamic parameters. In laboratory tutorials students will study the structure and operation principles of external adapters and embedded systems components and their design in design system environment.


Prerequisite kwnowledge and skills

The principles of digital systems and their components design.

Study literature

  • Bergsman, P.: Controlling the World with Your PC, Newnes, UK, 1994, 257 p., ISBN 1-878707-15-9
  • Ball, S.R.: Analog Interfacing to Embedded Microprocessors: Real World Design (Embedded Technology Series), Newnes, UK, 2001, 288 p., ISBN 0750673397
  • Ball, S.R.: Embedded Microprocessor Systems: Real World Design, Third Edition, Elsevier Science, 2002, USA, 432 p., ISBN 0750675349
  • Sawert, S: The Programmer's Guide to SCSI, Addison Wesley, UK, 2003, 292 p., ISBN 0-201-18538-5

Fundamental literature

  • Buchanan, W: Applied PC, Interfacing, Graphics and Interrupts, Addison-Wesley, UK, 1996, 383 p., ISBN 0-201-87728-7
  • Schmidt, F.: SCSI Bus and IDE Interface, Addison-Wesley, UK, 1998, 396 p., ISBN 0-201-17514-2
  • Valvano, J.W.: Embedded Microcomputer Systems: Real Time Interfacing, Thomson Engineering, 2000, USA, 848 p., ISBN 0534366422
  • Berger, A.S.: Embedded Systems Design: An Introduction to Processes, Tools and Techniques, Elsevier Science, USA, 2001, 237 p., ISBN 1578200733
  • Axelson, J.: Parallel Port Complete, Lakeview Research, USA, 2000, 343 p., ISBN 0-9650819-1-5

Syllabus of lectures

  1. Typical applications of embedded systems, requirements and specifications.
  2. The core of embedded system - the processor, architecture of processors.
  3. Operating systems for embedded applications. Memory subsystem.
  4. Digital inputs and outputs. Analogue inputs and outputs.
  5. Human embedded system interface.
  6. Safety and fault-tolerant embedded systems. Advances architectures and parallelism in embedded systems.
  7. I/O bus systems, the principles used for their implementation, the communication.
  8. Principles of peripheral operation control. 
  9. I/O bus, the communication through I/O bus. 
  10. Principles of design and construction of memories on external adapters. 
  11. External adapter design based on micro-encoded control unit. External adapter design based on sequential control unit.
  12. External adapter synthesis in design system environment.
  13. The implementation of testability principles during the synthesis of embedded systems and external adapters.

Progress assessment

Written mid-term exam, project.

Controlled instruction

Attending lab tutorials.

Course inclusion in study plans

Back to top