Faculty of Information Technology, BUT

Course details

The C Programming Language

IJC Acad. year 2006/2007 Summer semester 5 credits

The C programming language as defined by ISO. The definition of C language, pointers, modularity, C standard library. Basic overview of C++, using the C++ standard library.


Peringer Petr, Dr. Ing. (DITS FIT BUT)

Language of instruction



Examination (written)

Time span

39 hrs lectures, 13 hrs projects

Assessment points

70 exam, 30 projects



Peringer Petr, Dr. Ing. (DITS FIT BUT)


Grulich Lukáš, Ing. (DITS FIT BUT)
Kironský Elöd, Ing. (DITS FIT BUT)

Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

Basic knowledge of C programming language, including pointers, address arithmetic, and dynamic memory allocation/deallocation. Modular programming in C.

Learning objectives

The goal is to introduce students to ISO C programming language and basic programming techniques in C.


Study literature

  • Herout, P.: Učebnice jazyka C, 3. vydání, Kopp, 1998
  • Documents available on the WWW

Fundamental literature

  • Kerninghan, B.; Ritchie, D.: The C Programming Language, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley, 1989
  • Stroustrup, B.: The C++ programming language, third edition, Addison-Wesley, 1997
  • Plauger, P.J.: The Standard C Library, Prentice-Hall, 1992
  • ISO: Programming languages - C, WG14/N869 Committee Draft, 1999
  • ISO: Programming languages - C++, International Standard ISO/IEC 14882, 1988
  • Herout, P.: Učebnice jazyka C, 3. vydání, Kopp, 1998

Syllabus of lectures

  • Introduction. Overview of C language (K&R, ANSI C, ISO C90, ISO C99). Basic language constructs, examples of C programs.
  • Definition of C language: lexical elements, declaration syntax, basic types, variables.
  • Arrays, address space, address, pointer. Pointers and arrays, address arithmetic. Alignment, little/big endian. Dynamic memory allocation.
  • C-strings, multi-dimensional arrays, structures, unions.
  • Enumerations. Expressions, operators, type casting, operator precedence. Statements.
  • Functions, argument passing. Pointers to functions. Command line arguments. The C preprocessor: macros, conditional compilation.
  • Program structure, compilation units. Linking. Program "make".
  • The C standard library. Debugging support, character classification, internationalization. Input/output, files.
  • The examples of standard library use. String and memory management. Time functions. Math library, complex library.
  • The creation of libraries. Development environments. Program checking tools. Programm documentation tools.
  • C++ basics, typical differences of C and C++. New operators of C++, overloading basics, namespaces.
  • Input/output in C++, streams. Basic use of C++ standard library (containers, iterators, algorithms, strings).
  • Linking of code written in various languages. Profiling and program optimization. Rules for writing portable code.

Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students

  • 2 assignments, each with 3 programs in C

Progress assessment


Course inclusion in study plans

  • Programme IT-BC-3, field BIT, 1st year of study, Elective
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