Europe: Religinism and Science
ENV Acad. year 2004/2005 Summer semester 3 credits
The subject addresses the fundamentals of both the religious and the philosophically-rational world view, and the interaction between them which affects the European and currently the world-wide history. Along with the formation of a religious-based approach world view the world view of arising science is put on balance, and some basic chapters dealing with the mutual relationship between both of them are displayed, both in the past and at present times. The approach to the subject is based on an understanding of the current existence of these two different origins, which should be perceived and understood without confrontation.
Language of instruction
Subject specific learning outcomes and competences
The knowledge acquired will enable the student to differentiate between rationalistic and fideistic components of his/her thought, and the inevitable co-operation this thought requires for the understanding of issues of reciprocal communication within two different noetic systems. All this should represent a contribution to the establishing of civic society.
The goal of the subject is to give an adequate orientation in two basic and mighty phenomena of the European culture such as the religion, especially the Christianity on one side, and the reason-based science on the other side. Not only the particular items of the both phenomena should be perceived, but also the relationship between them.
Syllabus of lectures
- Mythical view of the world - the beginnings of religion and the science
- The formation of world religions
- Genesis of the science in the ancient Greece
- Beginnings of the search of mutual relationship
- Sociological role of the religion
- Creative and destructive science
- Scholastics and the theory of domestic servant
- Descartes demarcation line
- B. Pascal - prophet of the new approach
- Romantic science
- Evolution, progress and the Christianity
- Modern physics, genetics and social sciences - new challenge
- Post-modern situation
Presence at the lectures with passing the test and furnishing a written work.
Course inclusion in study plans