Course details

# Physics

IFY Acad. year 2010/2011 Summer semester 5 credits

Overview of principles and models of classical physics. Mechanics, waves, thermodynamics, electromagnetism and optics. Applications, holography, fiber optics. Results and hypotheses of modern physics, quantum mechanics, statistical physics, relativity.

Guarantor

Language of instruction

Completion

Time span

Assessment points

Department

Lecturer

Koktavý Pavel, prof. Ing., CSc. Ph.D. (DPHYS FEEC BUT)

Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

The students understand basic physical phenomena, are able to present corresponding laws both in descriptive way and in terms of math relations. They can solve less complicated problems related to the above phenomena and describe and explain the laboratory experiments, they carried out.

Learning objectives

To acquire the understanding of basic properties and features of phenomena in physics.

Prerequisite kwnowledge and skills

Vector operations. Fundamentals of differential calculus of function of one and more variables, fundamentals of integral calculus.

Study literature

- Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fyzika sympaticky, VUTIUM Brno and Prometheus 2001
- Přednáška ve formátu PowerPoint (in Czech)

Fundamental literature

- Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley & Sons 1997
- Feynman, Leighton, Sands: The Feynman lectures on Physics 1-3, Addison-Wesley 1977
- Sears, Zemansky, Young: College Physics, Addison-Wesley 1980

Syllabus of lectures

- Quantities and units in physics. Mechanics of a particle. Laws of motion.
- Work and energy. Field of gravitation forces.
- Oscillations and waves. Interference. Acoustic waves, electromagnetic waves, matter waves. Doppler effect.
- Thermodynamic system. Heat, work, internal energy. Entropy. Principles of thermodynamics.
- Electric interaction. Charges and fields.Gauss' law. Potential. Conductors, dielectrics. Electric current.
- Magnetic interaction. Magnetic fields of electric currents. Ampere's law. Forces in magnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction.
- Light and optics. Reflection, mirror and diffusion components. Refraction, light absorption. Elements of fiber optics. Light polarization.
- Interference, diffraction. Optical gratings. Holography.
- Thermal radiation. Black body radiation, Planck's law, consequences. Photometry. Illumination and color.
- Elements of quantum physics. Wave properties of particles, the uncertainty principle. Barrier tunneling. Particle in a well.
- Electronic cloud and nucleus of the atom. Atomic spectra. X radiation.
- Physical statistics. Spontaneous and stimulated emission of light. Lasers.
- Elements of special theory of relativity. Length conctraction. Time dilation.

Syllabus of numerical exercises

- Scalars, vectors. Basic operations.
- Position vector. Linear momentum. Newton's laws. Work, energy, power. Friction.
- Waves, characteristic quantities. The Doppler acoustic effect. Plane electromagnetic wave.
- Ideal and real gas, equation of state. Work, heat, internal energy. Entropy.
- Electric charges and forces. Potential, work of electric forces. Motion of charges.
- Magnetic fields of electric currents. Motion of electric charges in magnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction.
- Snell's laws. Total internal reflection.
- Diffraction gratings, slits.
- Black body radiation. Thermal and radiation power. Wien's law.
- The quantum well. Microscopic quantum wells and structures.
- Radiation of atoms, spectra.
- Physical statistics. Comparison.
- Relativistic applications.

Syllabus of laboratory exercises

- Speed of light. Dispersion of light. Ray optics experiments.
- Experiments in thermodynamics. The Stirling engine.
- Study of magnetic domains by means of video-microscope.
- Fiber optics experimental set OPTEL.
- Interference and diffraction of light and microwaves. The Michelson experiment. Holograms.
- Light polarization. Absorption (using lasers).
- Photoeffect. Planck's constant.
- X-ray radiation. Absorption, dispersion and reflection.

Progress assessment

- Mid-term examination: 20 points.
- Laboratory practice: 20 points.
- Final examination: 60 points.

Limit to pass (as to ECTS): 50 points.

Controlled instruction

Mid-term examination, laboratory practice and final examination are monitored, and points earning parts of students' learning. Mid-term examination has no make-up.

Exam prerequisites

Duty credit requires the experiments measurement and laboratory reports submission.

Course inclusion in study plans