Course details

# Physics

IFY Acad. year 2010/2011 Summer semester 5 credits

Guarantor

Language of instruction

Completion

Time span

Assessment points

Department

Lecturer

Koktavý Pavel, prof. Ing., CSc. Ph.D. (DPHYS FEEC BUT)

Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

Learning objectives

Prerequisite kwnowledge and skills

Study literature

- Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fyzika sympaticky, VUTIUM Brno and Prometheus 2001
- Přednáška ve formátu PowerPoint (in Czech)

Fundamental literature

- Halliday, Resnick, Walker: Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley & Sons 1997
- Feynman, Leighton, Sands: The Feynman lectures on Physics 1-3, Addison-Wesley 1977
- Sears, Zemansky, Young: College Physics, Addison-Wesley 1980

Syllabus of lectures

- Quantities and units in physics. Mechanics of a particle. Laws of motion.
- Work and energy. Field of gravitation forces.
- Oscillations and waves. Interference. Acoustic waves, electromagnetic waves, matter waves. Doppler effect.
- Thermodynamic system. Heat, work, internal energy. Entropy. Principles of thermodynamics.
- Electric interaction. Charges and fields.Gauss' law. Potential. Conductors, dielectrics. Electric current.
- Magnetic interaction. Magnetic fields of electric currents. Ampere's law. Forces in magnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction.
- Light and optics. Reflection, mirror and diffusion components. Refraction, light absorption. Elements of fiber optics. Light polarization.
- Interference, diffraction. Optical gratings. Holography.
- Thermal radiation. Black body radiation, Planck's law, consequences. Photometry. Illumination and color.
- Elements of quantum physics. Wave properties of particles, the uncertainty principle. Barrier tunneling. Particle in a well.
- Electronic cloud and nucleus of the atom. Atomic spectra. X radiation.
- Physical statistics. Spontaneous and stimulated emission of light. Lasers.
- Elements of special theory of relativity. Length conctraction. Time dilation.

Syllabus of numerical exercises

- Scalars, vectors. Basic operations.
- Position vector. Linear momentum. Newton's laws. Work, energy, power. Friction.
- Waves, characteristic quantities. The Doppler acoustic effect. Plane electromagnetic wave.
- Ideal and real gas, equation of state. Work, heat, internal energy. Entropy.
- Electric charges and forces. Potential, work of electric forces. Motion of charges.
- Magnetic fields of electric currents. Motion of electric charges in magnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction.
- Snell's laws. Total internal reflection.
- Diffraction gratings, slits.
- Black body radiation. Thermal and radiation power. Wien's law.
- The quantum well. Microscopic quantum wells and structures.
- Radiation of atoms, spectra.
- Physical statistics. Comparison.
- Relativistic applications.

Progress assessment

- Mid-term examination: 20 points.
- Laboratory practice: 20 points.
- Final examination: 60 points.

Limit to pass (as to ECTS): 50 points.

Controlled instruction

Exam prerequisites

Course inclusion in study plans