Course details

Sources of Medical Data

ILDT Acad. year 2010/2011 Winter semester 5 credits

Current academic year

Information and control subsystems of human organism. Neural system and its electrical properties. Generation of electrical biosignals. Electroencephalography, electromyography, electrocardiography, phonocardiography. Measuring of blood pressure and flow, temperature, etc., monitoring systems. Vascular diagnostics. Examination of respiratory system, functional stress tests, measurement of properties of sensory organs. Elements of medical imaging systems: digital radiography, X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging systems, gamma imaging systems, single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission computed tomography, digital sonography. Haematological and biochemical analyses.

Guarantor

Language of instruction

Czech

Completion

Credit+Examination (oral)

Time span

26 hrs lectures, 13 hrs laboratories, 13 hrs pc labs

Assessment points

70 exam, 30 exercises

Department

Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

Basic knowledge about principles and applications of the most important diagnostic methods and systems.

Learning objectives

Gaining knowledge on biological sources of signals and data and on technical possibilities of the data acquisition. Overview, and explanation of principles, of the most important systems for medical diagnostics, with respect to the data provided. The knowledge enables insight into specific properties of medical data acquisition and analysis, and is necessary for communication in medical/hospital environment.

Study literature

  • Holčík, J., Straszecka,E.: Bionika, Brno, ÚBMI FEI VUT v Brně 1999.
  • Drastich, A.: Zobrazovací systémy v lékařství. VUT FE, Brno 1989.
  • Drastich, A.: Netelevizní zobrazovací systémy. ÚBMI FEI VUT v Brně 2001.
  • Chmelař, M.: Lékařská přístrojová technika I. Akdemické nakladatelství CERM 1995
  • Chmelař, M.: Lékařská laboratorní technika, VUT Brno, 2000

Fundamental literature

  • Bronzino, J.D.: The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton 1995
  • Holčík, J., Straszecka,E.: Bionika, Brno, ÚBMI FEI VUT v Brně 1999.
  • Rozman, J.: Ultrazvuková technika v lékařství. VUT FE, Brno 1979.
  • Drastich, A.: Zobrazovací systémy v lékařství. VUT FE, Brno 1989.
  • Drastich, A.: Medical Imaging Systems. ÚBMI FEI VUT v Brně 2000.
  • Drastich, A.: Netelevizní zobrazovací systémy. ÚBMI FEI VUT v Brně 2001.
  • Krestel, E.: Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft. Berlin and Munch 1990.
  • Chmelař, M.: Lékařská přístrojová technika I. Akdemické nakladatelství CERM 1995
  • Chmelař, M.: Lékařská laboratorní technika, VUT Brno, 2000

Syllabus of lectures

  1. Information and control subsystems of human organism. Neural system and its electrical properties.
  2. Generation of the electrical biosignals. Electroencephalography, electromyography, electrocardiography, phonocardiography.
  3. Measuring of blood pressure, temperature, examination of respiratory system, further physiological measurements
  4. Blood flow measurement, Doppler ultrasound systems. Complex vascular diagnostics
  5. Monitoring systems, intensive care units, functional stress tests
  6. Measuring characteristics of auditory and visual sensory systems
  7. Digital radiography.
  8. X-ray computed tomography.
  9. Magnetic resonance imaging systems.
  10. Gamma imaging systems.
  11. Single photon emission computed tomography and positron emission computed tomography.
  12. Digital sonography.
  13. Principles of methods used in biochemical and haematological laboratories

Syllabus of laboratory exercises

  1. Measurement of electrical activity of brain -lead systems, changes in the signal character as dependent on patient's activity
  2. Measurement of ECG, VCG, admeasurements and signal description
  3. Excursion to a hospital clinic, measurement of ECG and respiration during stress test. Holter ECG and pressure systems, continuous pH measurement of stomach content
  4. Presentation of ultrasound bi-directional Doppler velocity meter, and of IMEXLAB 9000 - a diagnostic system for Doppler and plethysmographic measurement. Measurement of blood pressure. The demonstration of classification algorithms for AVG and plethysmographic signals implemented on a PC
  5. Measuring characteristics of hearing, electrooculography optokinetic and post rotational nystagmus
  6. Excursion to a radiography clinic using digital radiography systems and x-ray computed tomography system
  7. Excursion to a radiography clinic: magnetic resonance imaging system.
  8. Excursion to a hospital clinic: presentation of a gamma-imaging system and a single photon computed tomography system.

Syllabus of computer exercises

  • ECG shape recognition, admeasurements and signal classification
  • Suppressing of pacemaker pulses in patient's ECG. Detection of the ineffective stimulation
  • Segmentation of EEG signal and analysis of sections
  • Processing and presentation of medical image data

Progress assessment

Solving of tasks in labs is checked.

Controlled instruction

No compensation possible.

Exam prerequisites

Active attendance at laboratory sessions.

Course inclusion in study plans

  • Programme IT-BC-3, field BIT, any year of study, Elective
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