Course details

Molecular Genetics I

BC_MOG1 FCH BC_MOG1 Acad. year 2021/2022 Winter semester 4 credits

Current academic year

History of molecular genetics. Genetic information and the genetic code. Molecular structure of procaryotic and eucaryotic genome. Replication and transcription of procaryotic and eucaryotic genome. Postranscriptional modification and processing of RNA. Translation and posttranslational processing. Regulation of gene expression. Molecular basis of cancerogenesis (oncogenes, antioncogenes). Molecular mechanisms of mutagenesis and recombination. Mobile elements. Repair mechanisms of damaged DNA. Basic methods of molecular genetics. DNA cloning. Gene engineering and transgenic organisms.


Language of instruction




Time span

  • 26 hrs lectures



Subject specific learning outcomes and competences

The basic knowledge of molecular biology, using methods of molecular biology and gene engineering in the research area, in industry, agriculture and medicine.

Learning objectives

This lecture is conceived as an introduction into molecular biology and genetics and gives the explanation of processes on molecular level in relation to the basic functions of living systems. The second part of the lecture is focused on basic methods of molecular genetics and their applications in gene engineering which is a main tool of modern biotechnologies.

Prerequisite knowledge and skills

The structure and basic functions of living systems, their reproduction, cell chemistry, structure and function of biomacromolecules.

Progress assessment

Oral exam

Teaching methods and criteria

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Controlled instruction

Lectures are optional, no control tests during the semester.

Course inclusion in study plans

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