Academic lexicon

Completing a course
The conditions for completing a course are set by the guarantor of the course. The individual manners of course completion are stipulated in the Study and Examination Rules. Usually, students are required to obtain credit and pass an exam.
Academic community
The academic communities of the faculty and the university comprise the teachers and enrolled students.
Academic year
An academic year comprises two semesters (summer and winter semester) and holidays.
Academic Senate
The Academic Senates are autonomous bodies of the faculties or the university. They comprise of elected representatives of the academic communities of the faculties and the university. Students are represented in the Student Chamber of the Academic Senate.
Assessment of performance
The performance of a student in a course is based on the ECTS grading scale. Students are primarily assessed with points from 0 to 100 obtained for activities during the semester and for passing the exam. The total number of points then determines the grade:
B89-80Very good
Disciplinary Rules
The Disciplinary Rules define disciplinary offences, the respective penalties and the details of the disciplinary proceedings.
The ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) introduces a uniform system of assessment of university students. Its main goal is to facilitate student mobility.
Form of study
The form of study is decisive for its course. The most frequent form of study is full time study, where the lessons (lectures, exercises, laboratory seminars) take place at the university and it is expected that the students will be present at the lessons. On the other hand, distance study puts the emphasis on self-study based on the provided study materials complemented with individual consultations. In combined studies, part of the studies takes place in the full time form and part takes place in the distance form.
Report Book
The Report Book used to serve as student ID and to report study results. It has been replaced by an ID card (Student's card) and an annual study report.
Consultations help students in their self-study, in their assigned projects and in preparation for exams. Each teacher has his/her consultation hours published on his/her personal page.
Credits are awarded for courses in amounts corresponding to the required workload. Teaching plans ensure that a student gains 30 credits per semester and 60 credits per academic year, unless he/she deviates from the standard period of studies. A student must gain at least 180 credits to complete his/her Bachelor's studies and at least 120 credits to complete his/her Master's studies.
Compulsory course
Each study plan for each field includes a number of profiling compulsory courses every year. A student must complete these to complete his/her studies. If a student fails to complete a compulsory course, he/she must enrol in it again in the next academic year. If he/she fails to complete the compulsory course twice, his/her studies will be terminated.
A course is the basic unit of studies. Each course has a defined number of credits, contents, scope and manner of completion.
Lectures are the basic form of teaching at a university. Attendance of lectures is not mandatory, but it is very hard to understand the materials if you do not attend them.
Admission procedure
Admission procedure is the procedure of admitting university students. The procedure commences upon receipt of the application and payment of the administrative fee. It ends upon issuance of a decision on the results of the admission procedure. The course of the admission procedure is defined in the Act on Higher Education Institutions and the faculty (Rules for the admission procedure and condition for admission of students).
Admission examination
The main part of the admission procedure consists in the admission examination. It is necessary to pass the examination to be admitted, unless the examination has been waived. The rules for waiver of the admission examination are laid down in the Rules for the admission procedure and condition for admission of students.
Programme Board
The Programme Board is an advisory body of the Dean with respect to the relevant programme(s). The aim of the Board is to propose study plans for fields within the individual programme, including the contents of the State Final Examination, and changes in the structure of the courses, and to monitor and evaluate the studies in the relevant programme.
Registration for, and enrolment in, courses
At first, students register for the courses taught in the relevant and the next academic year. Registration serves to monitor the interest of the students in (elective) courses and to prepare the teaching schedule. After the enrolment or after the end of the registration period, students are enrolled in courses for which they have registered.
A semester is the basic time unit in organisation of studies (courses take one semester). A semester is divided into the teaching period when the lectures, exercises and laboratory seminars take place and projects are carried out, and the examination period, which serves to verify the students. knowledge. The teaching and examination periods are further divided into weeks.
Seminars and exercises
Seminars and exercises deepen and develop the knowledge obtained at lectures, especially using practical examples. Exercises are usually mandatory and students can get points there for assessment of their performance in the course.
State Final Examination
The State Final Examination is the last part of one. studies. It includes the defence of a Bachelor's or Master's thesis. It takes place before a State examination committee following the completion of all study requirements under the relevant study plan of the programme. The parts of the examination and the topics are announced by the Dean based on a proposal of the Programme Board.
Study and Examination Rules
The Study and Examination Rules are an internal regulation of the university. Further details are provided by faculty regulations. The Rules provide for the conditions of study, forms of examinations and completion of studies.
Study plan
A study plan contains the contents of studies in a given field. It defines compulsory, compulsory elective and elective courses for each year of the studies.
A programme is the basic unit for categorisation of studies at universities into the individual areas of studies. A programme is bound with a faculty or university, which submit programs to the Accreditation Committee of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports for assessment and approval.
Field of study
A programme usually breaks down into smaller units named fields. The Bachelor's programme Information technologies taught at the FIT is not divided into fields (it formally only includes one field - Information technologies). The follow-up Master's programme Information technologies is divided into nine fields at the FIT.
Cycle of studies
According to the Bologna Declaration, studies at universities in the European Union are divided into three cycles. The first cycle leads to a Bachelor's qualification (abbreviated as Bc. and stated before the graduate's name) and is followed by the second cycle to obtain a Master's degree (FIT graduates are awarded the title of engineer, abbreviated as Ing. and stated before their name). The third cycle leads to obtaining the doctoral degree (the graduates are awarded the title of doctor, abbreviated as Ph. D. and stated after their name).
A university teacher can be a professor, associate professor, senior lecturer, lecturer, instructor or a researcher. To address a teacher in Czech, use his/her highest academic title: professor (prof.), associate professor (doc.), doctor (Ph.D., Dr., RNDr., PhDr., MUDr., JUDr.), engineer (Ing.), Master (Mgr.) or Bachelor (Bc.). People holding important positions at the university or faculty should be addressed with their titles (Rector, Vice-rector, Dean, Vice-dean, Head of Department).
Scientific Council
Scientific Councils are academic bodies of the faculty and the university. They deal with questions related to the teaching and research activities, co-operation with the industry and nominations of professors and associate professors.
Enrolment in an academic year allows a person to obtain the rights of a student for the relevant academic year. Enrolment in a further year of studies is conditional on fulfilment of conditions under the study plan and the Study and Examination Rules.
Completion of a course with credit
Credit is granted for fulfilment of the requirements set by the guarantor for the relevant course. Credit is granted by the course teacher. Obtaining the credit is necessary to register for an examination.
An examination may be written, oral or combined and serves to verify a student's knowledge. The examination performance is assessed by the teacher using points. A guarantor of a course may set the minimum number of points that the students must achieve to pass the examination (if a student fails to achieve this minimum, he/she will get no points at all). There are two re-sits for each examination.
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